Southern Arabia was an important trading partner for the Roman world but owing to geography and politics its archaeology has been less intensively studied than that of neighbouring regions. A succession of kingdoms rose and fell in the last centuries BC and first centuries AD, but in the late Roman period the dominant power wasH. imyar, with its capital atZ. af¯ar. In 2008 a relief sculpture was discovered at the site depicting a crowned ruler accompanied by symbols of office. This study reviews the arguments surrounding the date of the sculpture, but more importantly throws light on the cultural and political connections that it embodies. The proposal is that it represents an Aksumite puppet-ruler of the sixth century, at a key moment in the history of theH. imyarite kingdom. The crowned king ofZ. af¯ar is significant not only in itself but also in helping to delineate the cultural and political stage on to which Islam was shortly to emerge.

Posted by Paul Yule - on August 18, 2015  • 

  • A Late Antique Christian king from Zafar, southern Arabia"
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    Zafar/Yemen Virtual Museum

    Posted by Paul Yule - Forum Archaeologiae - Zeitschrift für klassische Archäologie 62 / III / 2012  • 

    "Das durch ISEE kreierte Zafar Virtual Museum (ZVM), Jemen"


    Zafar Virtual Museum online (created on 2010)

    ZVM in ISEE software

    In 2009, in collaboration with the Professor Paul Yule of Heidelberg University, we developed the Zafar Virtual Museum (ZVM). The context presented problems of inaccessibility and political unrest prohibit visits by foreign tourists and scholars. The objects contained in the museum represents an important Himyarite artefacts. We must say that the model was not conceived as a project from its beginning and for this reason its accuracy is low. An important goal in our projects is also didactics.

    The ZVM represents a synthetic 3D model where the information contained was more important than the structure of the building itself. We worked with limited resources, but our goal was to create a “memory” and the possibility to visit through internet. We used only 2D images and not technical images, without sophisticated and expensive software2. Following our previous approach in ZVM, we consider contexts with a low budget for a digitizing, the difficulties to obtain and successfully use good equipment and insufficient time.

    ZVM was developed using the ISEE software. Our experience with it and the current interest from a software developer show the sustainability of our software suite7. ISEE is a program to show information in a 3D context. We use it to navigate and access information in a 3D environment.